constructing a house 2BHK house Plan home design by architect

When constructing a house Which one is the better for domestic structure: 1 light hand steel house or 2 concrete houses?

Lets see how building a house in concrete in different that constructing a modern design for house in steel

Steel structures for constructing a house

painting home

How building a house in steel

When constructing a house Statistically speaking, steel structure construction is one of the most popular types of erecting construction overall. The combination of steel’s versatility and continuity means that it’s an ideal fit both for conventional domestic/ marketable in constructing a house structures and further technical structures like islands. For contractors looking to claw into steel structure construction for the first time, you must have a clear understanding of the basics first. This means deciding what steel structure construction you ’re going to specialize in as well as how to go about the process of constructing a house step by step .

Concrete Structures for constructing a house

house as per Vaastu

how building a house in concrete

Use something like a floor duster to wipe the walls clean to ensure paint applies evenly. Painter’s tape is used to help you achieve clean, pro

 What factors affect the strength of concrete? 

Concrete, in construction, structural material conforming to a hard, chemically inert particulate substance, known as total ( generally beach and clay), that’s clicked together by cement and water. 

 Among the ancient Assyrians and Babylonians, the related substance most frequently used was complexion. The Egyptians developed a substance more nearly suggesting ultramodern concrete for  constructing a house by using lime and gypsum as binders. Lime (calcium oxide), deduced from limestone, chalk, or (where available) oyster shells, continued to be the primary pozzolanic, or cement- forming, agent until the early 1800s. In 1824 an English innovator, Joseph Aspdin, burned and base together an admixture of limestone and complexion. This admixture, called portland cement, has remained the dominant cementing agent used in concrete products like constructing a house step by step

Types of steel structures

Your Steel Building Construction Type Options 

First, let’s bandy some of the main types of steel structure options available. Because of steel’s inflexibility, there are several different variants that you can use for constructing a house .

Plain Carbon/ Mild steel 

 Plain carbon/ mild steel is the most common type of steel used for erecting of constructing a house  and its hallmark is its continuity. Not only is it suitable to endure heavy pressure and impact with no cracks, but it’s also flexible and ductile. There’s also the variant of low carbon steel. This is easier to handle, but you want to be aware of fire protection as it becomes weaker at extremely high temperatures. 

 Structural Steel 

We ’ve covered structural steel quite a bit on this blog, but it’s always a good idea to have a lesson. These steel factors are made from a specific sampling, designed to follow crucial norms for chemical makeup and mechanical parcels. These generally come from individual factors like I- shafts, Z- shapes, and structural channels. Like other steel factors, it’s incredibly durable, but watch requirements to be given to erosion and extreme heat. 

 In addition, let’s also outline some of the major types of steel structures that you’re likely to see. These standard frames are some of the first systems that a neophyte steel contractor is anticipated to encounter. 

 Standard Frames 

Arch structures These structures have a tone- supporting structure without any interior columns, trusses, or shafts. The sheeting on the surface serves as a wall, ceiling, and roof. These are generally favored due to their ease of assembly. 

 Single- span rigid frames These Constructing a house structures are made with a ray furnishing support at either frame. The main benefit of this option is creating an unstopped covered space without the need for interior columns. Your average single- span structure can be over to 120 bases wide.However, it can go indeed more extensive, If you’re willing to use phased or straight columns. 

Multi-span rigid frames These use shafts and pillars, just like single- span construction. Still, by enforcing columns for interior support, they can give nearly unlimited strength. Columns in these structures are generally placed wherever necessary, retired inside the walls. These come necessary when you need a larger innards space, and columns are not an issue. A bulk of the domestic or marketable steel structures out there are multi-span out of necessity. 

Types of concrete structures

Your Concrete Structure Construction Type Options 

 CONCRETE FRAME STRUCTURES 

Concrete frame structures are a veritably common-or maybe the most common- type of ultramodern structure internationally. As the name suggests, this type of structure consists of a frame or shell of concrete. Vertical members of this frame are called shafts, and perpendicular members are called columns. Humans walk on flat aeroplanes of concrete called crossbeams ( see figure 2 at the bottom of the runner for an illustration of each of the major corridors of a frame structure). Of these, the column is the most important, as it’s the primary cargo- carrying element of the structure. Still, this will affect only one bottom, but damage to a column while constructing a house could bring down the entire structure, If you damage a ray or arbor in a structure. 

Precast Concrete Structure 

The conception of precast ( also known as “ prefabricated”) construction includes those structures where the maturity of structural factors are formalized and produced in shops in a position down from the structure, and also transported to the point for assembly. These factors are manufactured by artificial styles grounded on mass product in order to make a large number of structures in a short time at low cost. 

The main features of this construction process are as follows 

  • The division and specialization of the mortal pool 
  • The use of tools, ministry, and other outfit, generally automated, in the product of standard, exchangeable corridor and products 

This type of construction requires a restructuring of the entire conventional construction process to enable commerce between the design phase and product planning in order to ameliorate and speed up the construction. One of the crucial demesne for achieving that ideal is to design structures with a regular configuration in plan and elevation. Civic domestic structures of this type are generally five to ten stories high ( see Numbers 1 and 2). Numerous countries used colorful precast structure systems during the alternate half of the 20th century to give low- income casing for the growing civic population. They were veritably popular after the Second World War, especially in Eastern European countries and former Soviet Union democracy. In the former Soviet Union, different precast structures systems are denoted as “ Seria,” whereas in Romania they’re called “ Secţiunea.” 

Post-Tensioned Concrete structure 

Contrivers use post-tensioning as a way to support concrete by prestressing it. In prestressed members, compressive stresses are introduced into the concrete to reduce tensile stresses performing from applied loads including the tone weight of the member ( dead cargo). Prestressing steel, similar to beaches, bars or cables, is used to conduct compressive stresses to the concrete. Pre-tensioning is a system of prestressing in which the tendons are slackened before concrete is placed and the prestressing force is primarily transferred to the concrete through bond. Post-tensioning is a system of prestressing in which the tendons are slackened after the concrete has hardened and the prestressing force is primarily transferred to the concrete through the end harbors. 

Unlike pre-tensioning, which can only be done at a precast manufacturing installation,post-tensioning is performed on the jobsite in cast-in- place operations. The concrete element is cast with steel buttressing beaches installed in a way that protects them from relating with the concrete. This practice gives contrivers the inflexibility to further optimize material use by creating thinner concrete members. 

 The accoutrements used to post-tension concrete members are ultra-high-strength steel beaches and bars. Vertical operations (like shafts, crossbeams, islands, and foundations) generally employ beaches. Walls, columns, and other perpendicular operations generally use bars. Steel beaches used for post-tensioning generally have a tensile strength of pounds per forecourt inch (psi), are about 1/2 inch in periphery, and are stressed to a force of pounds. 

Precast systems and post- tensioning systems are not yet introduced in constructing a house system for now but are of high probability that they will be introduced in coming years.

Benefits of concrete vs steel structures

Steel buildings design of house simple

ADVANTAGES OF STEEL BUILDINGS

  1. Steel is moderately cheap when compared with other structural materials for constructing a house .
  2. Steel structures are highly fire-resistant when contrasted to a wooden design as wood is a combustible material and less fire-resistant when determined with RCC structure.
  3. One of the advantages of using a steel structure in development is that steel’s ability to span greater distances with steel ceiling joists. This enables architects to grow their choices, allowing them to make new/huge space utilizing steel items that weren’t accessible with different materials.
  4. Steel can be efficiently & effectively manufactured and significantly delivered. Steel structures can be provided off-site at shop floors and after that gathered nearby. This spares time and increases the efficiency of the general development process.
  5. Steel structures can withstand outside weights, for example, earthquakes, thunderstorms, and cyclones. A well-fabricated steel structure can last more than30 years whenever looked after well.
  6. Flexibility is the main advantage of steel structure, which means that it tends to be planned according to the design requirements. This plots a steel structure to withstand heavy winds or earthquakes, especially in the bridges or tall towers.
  7. Because of simple-to-make portions of a steel structure, it is hassle-free to install and assemble them on-site, and there is no need to estimate and cut off parts nearby.
  8. Some of the common advantages of constructing a house by using steel buildings are Design, Strength and Durability, Light in Weight, Easy Installation and Speed in Construction, Versatile, Flexibility, Ductility, Easy Fabrication in Different Sizes, Fire Resistance, Pest, and Insect Resistant, Moisture and Weather Resistance, Adaptability, Cost-effective, Environment Friendly, Energy Efficiency, Improved Construction Quality, Temporary Structures, Safe and Resistant and Risk Index.

DISADVANTAGES OF STEEL BUILDINGS

  1. Buckling is an issue with steel structures constructing a house   . As the length of the steel segment builds, the chances of buckling also increase.
  2. Steel is available only at the steel plants where it is produced and should be transported for long distances to the construction site, not at all like concrete or different materials that might be accessible right at the site of development.
  3. Due to rust in steel, costly paints are required to be reestablished from time to time so that resistance against severe conditions increases.
  4. Even though steel is a flexible material, it is challenging to make field corrections if one or more components do not fit appropriately. A large portion of the metal structure adheres to strict quality assurance procedures guaranteeing all pieces of a system fit accurately. But in actuality it is not possible. One can’t form it or cut it in the ideal shape on-site once it is fabricated.
  5. Steel can’t mold in any path you require. It must be utilized in structures in which areas initially exist.
  6. Steel is a good conductor of heat, touches off materials in contact, and often causes fires, quickly spreading to different segments of a structure. Hence, steel structures may require extra fireproofing treatment.

Concrete Structure  design of house simple

Advantages of Concrete

  • Ingredients of concrete are easily available in most of the places.
  • Unlike natural stones, concrete is free from defects and flaws.
  • Concrete can be manufactured to the desired strength with an economy.
  • The durability of concrete is very high.
  • It can be cast to any desired shape.
  • The casting of concrete can be done in the working site which makes it economical.
  • The maintenance cost of concrete is almost negligible.
  • The deterioration of concrete is not appreciable with age.
  • Concrete makes a building fire-safe due to its noncombustible nature.
  • Concrete can withstand high temperatures.
  • Concrete is resistant to wind and water. Therefore, it is very useful in storm shelters.
  • As a soundproofing material cinder concrete could be used.

In post tensioning concrete structure While concrete is strong in compression, it is weak in tension. Steel is strong under forces of tension, so combining the two elements results in the creation of very strong concrete components. Post-tensioning can help create innovative concrete components that are thinner, longer, and stronger than ever before.

Many of today’s “high-performance” concrete structures, including many landmark bridges and buildings, employ some type of prestressing. Parking garages, high-rise residential towers, and many other kinds of structures also employ post-tensioning techniques.

Disadvantages of Concrete

  • Compared to other binding materials, the tensile strength of concrete is relatively low.
  • Concrete is less ductile.
  • The weight is high compared to its strength.
  • Concrete may contain soluble salts. Soluble salts cause efflorescence.

The Conclusion 

When you thing of think future of construction , there are may things coming up like 3d printed house , factory build house , pre manufacture building , modular house etc but we feel like the combination of each part which can compensate each other

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